Professor Rossiter's most recent book, Women Scientists in America: Forging a New World Since 1972, was published by Johns Hopkins University Press in 2012. A review of her book (by Wendy Toon) can be found in Women's History Review, Vol. 22, No. 6 (2013), pp. 1023-25.
19th and 20th century American science, especially agricultural sciences and women in science.
- Women Scientists in America: Forging a New World Since 1972. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.
- Catching Up with the Vision, Essays on the Occasion of the 75th Anniversary of the Founding of the History of Science Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999, special supplement to Isis, Volume 90.
- Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
- Science at Harvard, 1636-1945, with Clark Elliott, eds. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press, 1992.
- Historical Writing on American Science, with Sally Gregory Kohlstedt, eds. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986. Originally published as Osiris, 2nd series, 1, 1985.
- Women Scientists in America, Struggles and Strategies to 1940. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982; paperback, 1984.
- The Emergence of Agricultural Science--Justus Liebig and the Americans, 1840-1880. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1975.
- "Centaurus Spotlight: Using the Past to Enhance the Future: Introduction." Centaurus, vol. 54, no. 3, August 2012.
- "A Twisted Tale: Women in the Physical Sciences in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries," The Cambridge History of Science, Vol. 5 (Mary Jo Nye, ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 54-71.